Taiwan President Biography, Tsai Ing-wen Political Journey, Early Life & Education 

Taiwanese politician Tsai Ing-wen, the first female president of Taiwan and the second born in Taiwan after the 1949 Chinese Civil War, has served as the President of China since 2016.

Taiwan President Biography

On January 16, 2016, Taiwan elected its first female president, Tsai Ing-wen. Tsai is a former law professor who has worked as a consultant for the National Security Council and the Mainland Affairs Council, among other colleges.

Her other positions include deputy premier and legislator-at-large. Taiwan’s poor economy, same-sex marriage, a separate identity, and LGBT rights are among Tsai’s top priorities. From 2020 to 2022, 2008 to 2012, and 2014 to 2018, she presided over the DPP as chair. 

Tsai Ing-wen Early Life & Education 

Tsai, the youngest of eleven children, was born on August 31, 1956, in Zhongshan District, Taipei City. She was raised by a housewife, Chang Chin-fong (1925–2018), and her dad, Tsai Chieh-sheng (1918–2006), was a businessperson who owned an auto repair shop. 

Having been born in Taiwan right after the end of the Chinese Civil War in 1949, Tsai, a member of the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP), is the first lady president of Taiwan and the second woman to serve after Chen Shui-bian. 

Her early years were spent in the southern Taiwanese shore before moving to Taipei to finish her schooling. After she graduated from the College of Law National Taiwan University in 1978, Tsai went on to Cornell Law School to get a Master of Law in 1980.

She later pursued her legal studies at the London School of Economics, and in 1984, the University of London granted her a Ph.D. in law. After that, Tsai went back to Taiwan, where she worked as a professor of law at Soochow University School of Law and National Chengchi University until 2000.

Taiwan President Biography

Tsai Ing-wen Political Journey

Tsai was named chair of the Mainland Affairs Council in 2000, and in 2004 she became a member of the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP). She was chosen to serve as an at-large legislator and then Tsai was appointed vice president of the Executive Yuan on January 26, 2006. 

She left her position as chair of Taiwan-based biotechnology company TaiMedBiologics in 2007 to join the cabinet.  Ma Ying-jeou’s quest for his sprinting partner for the 2008 ROC presidential election, Tsai, a DPP participant, was suddenly offered. 

Following Frank Hsieh’s resignation as DPP chair, Tsai emerged victorious in the May 19, 2008, election, and assumed the role for a record 12 terms. She was the first lady to chair a main Taiwanese political party. The current President of Taiwan, Tsai Ing-wen, receives an annual salary of Rs47,968,066.00.

Tsai Ing-wen Campaigns for President

Tsai Ing-wen declared her intention to run for Taiwan’s Democratic Progressive Party presidential nomination in 2011. She defeated previous Premier Su Tseng-chang in a telephone survey conducted across the nation, making history as the nation’s first female presidential contender. 

She resigned from her position as DPP chairman in the 2012 election. Tsai filed to participate in the Democratic Progressive Party’s primary for the presidential nomination in 2016 and received a nomination. She stated that she would be open to working with a third-party coalition in Taiwan when she visited the US. 

She defeated rival Eric Chu in the January 2016 presidential contest by an average percentage of 25.04%. In 2020, Tsai filed for the Democratic Progressive Party in the presidential primary and then declared her intention to run for reelection.

Tsai’s 2016 campaign focused on pension reform, long-term care, transitional justice, judicial reform, economic diversification, and human rights. She transitioned from manufacturing to high-tech, proposed defense reform, and rejected Beijing’s one-country, two-systems model.

Tsai Ing-wen Initiatives 

  • Taiwan’s military budget has grown during the Tsai government, rising from $327 billion in 2018 to $453 billion in 2021. This is an 8.3% increase in overall spending and a 0.2% increase in the country’s GDP percentage.
  • Taiwan transitioned from being officially recognized to the People’s Republic of China under the Tsai administration, making progress in unofficial relations with the US and EU, despite temporary halts.
  • Taiwan was in charge of responding to the COVID-19 pandemic during the Tsai administration. On January 20, 2020, the Central Epidemic Command Center was established; it was shut down on May 1, 2023.
  • Taiwan eased trade negotiations with the United States by lifting a prohibition on ractopamine in 2020. Taiwan signed a trade deal with the United States in 2023, implemented anti-corruption measures, and simplified customs laws as part of the U.S.-Taiwan Initiative on 21st-Century Trade, which was founded in 2022.
  • By 2025, the Tsai administration wants to supply 20% of electricity from renewable sources, 30% from coal, and 50% from liquefied natural gas.

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